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Lake Nasser

Lake Nasser (Arabic: Buhayrat Nasir) is a vast artificial lake in southern Egypt and northern Sudan. Strictly, "Lake Nasser" refers only to the much larger portion of the lake that is in Egyptian territory (83% of the total), with the Sudanese preferring to call their smaller body of water Lake Nubia.
It was created as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam across the waters of the Nile between 1958 and 1970.
The lake is some 550 km long and 35 km across at its widest point, which is near the Tropic of Cancer. It covers a total surface area of 5,250 km² and has a storage capacity of some 157 km³ of water.
 

Nasser Lake, c.1,550 sq mi (4,010 sq km), on the Nile River, SE Egypt and N Sudan. Created in the 1960s, it extends c.350 mi (560 km) behind Aswan High Dam, submerging the more southern second and third cataracts. Lake Nasser averages c.6 mi (10 km) in width and is 600 ft (1,000 km) deep in places. The lake's rising waters forced more than 80,000 Nubian people to relocate and submerged many historic sites. Flooding is a perennial problem.
The rising waters of the dam required major relocation projects that were carried out during the 1960s. Several important Pharaonic archaeological sites were dismantled block by block and moved to higher ground, most notably Abu Simbel; the Sudanese river-port and railway terminal of Wadi Halfa was lost beneath the waters and a new town was built in its place; and Egypt's entire Nubian community from the upper reaches of the Nile – numbering several hundred thousand people – saw their villages disappear and were forced to relocate.
The Egyptian name is in honor of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who was the mastermind behind the controversial High Dam project.
The purpose of the lake is all centered around Egyptian interests, even if so large parts of it lies inside Sudan. Its water is used for hydroelectricity production, fishing, and irrigation. With Lake Nasser the water level of the Nile beneath Aswan is now regulated all the year through, while there were seasonal floods before. Due to this, 3,300 km² of new land have come under irrigation. Fish has been set out in the lake, and there have been a few modest attempts of land reclamation along the lake's shores.
 

 

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