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 Nubian music  

Nubian music consisted in the beginning of a kind of poem, shar, composed using only five musical notes (Pentatonic rythm) and inspired from the war sounds of the Pharahos during the Ancient and Middle Kingdoms. The most used instruments were the tar, a kind of drum, the tambour, the daraboukka and the qirba, similar to a bagpipe. An important occasion for singing and dancing was, as said, the wedding party, which was accompanied by a background of music, ululation, clapping, drums, etc.   Many dances were also performed during the seasons of sowing and harvest with the auspices of prosperity and plentiful crops. The music and songs of the modern Nubians have been very commercialized. They use the old Nubian melody with Arabic words . The Nile is an important component of the Nubian ( identity) so Nubian dances mimic the movement of the water in the Nile 

 The traditional instruments featured, which are used to accompany Nubian song and dance, include the 'ud (fretless, short-necked lute), tabla (or tabalah, single–headed tapered drum) and tar (or duff, round framedrum). The typical song style is based on alternation of a solo singer with a chorus. Both song and dance are often accompanied by intricate patterns of hand–clapping and foot-stomping. Wedding celebrations, which can last up to a week, are the main social setting for performing traditional Nubian music and dance.
The distinguished and soft rhythms of the Nubian music and songs are borrowed by other ethnical groups in Sudan. In Egypt these rhythms are commonly used by some Egyptian-Nubian who sing in Arabic. With its very distinctive chantings
and intonation the Nubian songs and music has a noticeable acclamation and acceptance among non-Nubian Sudanese and Egyptians.
Folk Dance in Nubia
The Nubians adore collective rather than individual dancing. It has a significant social function.s. Women participate with men in collective dancing usually in wedding ceremonies. Dancing is usually accompanied by group signing. To the Nubians, dancing and signing are a source of enjoyment, entertainment and social participation
To the Fadija tribes, al-Arageed dances are performed on weddings to celebrate the groom. This dance has a significant function. In this dance, participants (boys, girls and tambourine players) stand in a rectangular formations, where boys stand in a row facing girls, with the tambourine players on the third side. While young men stand in one row, girls and women stand in seperate, opposite rows one after the other arranged as follows: unmarried girls stand in the first row followed by newly married women, then middle-aged women and so forth until the last row where old women stand. This arrangement gives boys the opportunity to choose future wives from among these girls who are adorned with the most expensive jewelry for this occasion. With this elaborate layout, the Arageed dance starts on the stimulating and lively beats of the Kounbun Kash tambourine. Attracted by the sound of tambourines, families flock in the wedding ceremony place. Young men, young girls as well as old men and women, each category with their counterparts are all there. Hand in hand and shoulder to shoulder they dance and sing in chorus. As for the Kanuz, women dance in individual formations, and engage in collective singing (chorus).
Despite efforts to survive or revive their culture, at this present point in the epic history of the Nubians, when their ancestral land is lost, and when their language is no longer the medium of either their religion or their government, music may in fact prove to be the best means for preserving something of the ethos of Nubian culture, and for adapting it to further changes in the future
 

 
 

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