The Geography of ancient Nubia

The Kingdom of Ancient Nubia began a bit before the first Cataract along the Nile River and extended just past the six Cataract to Khartoum.
The land of ancient Nubia was bounded on the north by the First Cataract of the Nile River-- located just south of Elephantine--and on the far south by the Sixth Cataract--located north of modern Khartum .
Nubia is divided into two great regions, Lower Nubia and Upper Nubia. Lower Nubia is the northern region extending nearly 400 km. from the First Cataract to the area around Semna and the Second Cataract. Today, it corresponds to the area of southern Egypt and the northern Sudan. Upper Nubia, which is south of Lower Nubia, extends upriver along the Nile to the Sixth Cataract and Khartum. It corresponds to what is today the central Sudan. The Nile River, flowing through this region, is often termed, the Middle Nile .
Nubia was also called - Upper & Lower Nubia, Kush, Land of Kush, Te-Nehesy, Nubadae, Napata, or the Kingdom of Meroei. The land of Nubia has long been a meeting place of different cultures. It has been the only occupied strip of land throughout history connecting the Mediterranean world with the lands of tropical Africa. This condition put the native peoples of this land in close and constant contact with their neighbors for long periods of history, and made Nubia an important route for trade between Sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world. The importance of Nubia as a link between two sides of the world, that of "the cradle of western civilzations" and that of the shadowy continent out of which came many desirable and exotic commodities", is reflected in the formation of its culture as seen in the archaeological record. Traditions of central Africa are apparent in the material culture and the languages of the ancient Nubians. On the other hand, the influence of Egyptian and other Mediterranean culture is evident in the architecture and art of ancient Nubian culture. Although the people of ancient Nubia were greatly influenced by other civilizations, it should be noted that the Nubians themselves had control and influence over surrounding cultures at certain points in their history . The most prosperous period of Nubian civilization was that of the kingdom of Kush, which endured from about 800 B.C. to about 320 A.D. During this time, the Nubians of the kingdom of Kush would ,at one point, assume rule over all of Nubia as well as Upper and Lower Egypt .


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