Rulers of Nubia and 25th Dynasty ( Egypt
King Awawa ( 1850 BC)
He was a powerful Nubian king ruling at Kerma.
King Nedjeh (1650 BC
When Nedjeh of Kush took over the Egyptian forts in Nubia about
1700 BCE, some Egyptian soldiers stayed and worked for them.
King Alara (785-760 BC
Unites Upper Nubia. Founder of Kushite power in the Napatan
King Kashta (760-747 BC) Brother of King Alara
Ruler of Napatan Kush and Egypt
(Begins to conquer Egypt from the Libyan pharaohs, starting the
25th dynasty Kushite domination)
King Piye (Piankhy) (747-716 BC) (Son of Kashta)
Queen Aqaluqa wife of Piye.
(Conquers all of Egypt and rules as pharaoh of Egypt until his
death. In 716 B.C. Piye died after a reign of over thirty years.
He was buried in an Egyptian style pyramid tomb at el-Kurru,
accompanied by a number of horses, which were greatly prized by
the Nubians of the Napatan period
King Shabaka ] (716-702 BC) (Piye's brother)
His was the Golden Age of the Nubian domination of Egypt.
Throughout his reign Shabaka made many additions to Egyptian
temples, such as those at Memphis, Abydos and Esna. Shabaka
appointed his son, Horemakhet as High Priest of Amun at Thebes,
although the real power in the region lay with his sister
Amenirdas I, whose mortuary temple and tomb are at Medinet Habu.
Pharaoh Shabaka is noted in the Old Testament, Genesis 10(7)
King Shabataka (702-690 BC) King Piye's son
King Taharqa (690-664 BC) King Piye's son.
671 BC - Assyria invades Egypt, pushing Kush back to area
between the third and fourth cataracts.
King Tanwetamani (664-653 BC)
Son of Shabaka's. Taharqa's nephew. After Assyria left Egypt in
663 BC, he invaded Egypt just like his father and grandfather
(Piye) did. He ruled both Egypt and Nubia for eight years. The
Assyrians attacked Thebes, killed many of the people, and looted
all the holy places. From this point on, the Kushite kings never
again entered Egypt. Tanwetamani continued his rule in Kush and
was buried in the old family cemetery at El-Kurru.
Archaeologists found beautiful painted chambers in his tomb. The
only known statue of the king, found at Jebel Barkal, is now in
the Toledo (Ohio) Museum of Art, but sadly it lacks its head.
End of XXV Dynasty, withdrew to Nubia -- moved their
administrative center further south, from Napata to Meroe.
King Altanersa (653-643 BC) Taharqa's son
King Senkamanisken (643-623 BC)
(father of Aspelta and Anlamani);Buried at Nuri
King Anlamani (623-593 BC) Senkamanisken's son
King Aspalta (593-568 BC) Brother of King Anlamani.
King Armantelqo (568-555 BC)
King Malonaqen (555-542 BC)
King Analmaaye (542-538 BC)
King Amani-nataki-lebte (538-519 BC)
King Irike-amanote (431-405 BC BC
King Harsiotef (390-350 BC)
Harsiotef’s inscription is especially interesting because it
describes the holy site of Jebel Barkal as it was in his day. He
speaks of covering temples partly with gold, of laying out
gardens and cattle pens, and of rebuilding the old royal palace
there, which, he says, had sixty rooms.
King Nastasen (335-315 BC)
In his early reign, a "chief" from Egypt named Kambasawden
invaded Lower Nubia. Kambasawden came with transport ships,
people, and cattle. Nastasen’s army defeated the invaders, took
their treasure, and dedicated it to the god Amun. numbers of
Meroitic Period 275 BC - 300 AD
King Arkamani (275–250 BC)
The Kushite king moves the royal necropolis from Napata to
Meroë, a site between the fifth and sixth cataracts. Meroë,
already an important center during the Napatan Period, becomes
the capital of the Kushite kingdom. Meroë's location at the
convergence of a network of caravan roads with trade routes
along the White and Blue Niles makes it East Africa's most
important center of trade. The Kushites of the Meroitic Period
manufacture richly decorated textiles, graceful decorated
ceramic vessels, objects of bronze and iron, exceptionally fine
gold and cloisonné jewelry, and other luxury items.
King Arnekhamani (235–218 BC)
Kandake (Queen) Shanakdakhete (170–150 BC)
King Tanyidamani 110-90 BC
Kandake (Queen) Amanishakheto 50-40 BC
Kandake (Queen) Amanirenas 12 BC (perhaps)
King Natekamani & Queen Amanitore 15 AD-40 AD
King Teqeredeamani 246c - 277 AD